Posted by: MandyS | September 8, 2011

More thoughts on Models of Disability

Following on from Mark’s post identifying a Scientific model, I thought I would have a quick mooch on Google to see what else there might be. Actuall, it is amazing just how many different models there are. What strikes me though is that they all seem to be offshoots of either the Medical or the Social models. A couple of quite interesting ones are:

1.  The Affirmative Model, which appears to be tied in with the ‘notion of disability pride’ i.e. impairments are a ‘core part of our being’ which should be embraced as opposed to being regarded as a tragedy.

2. The Anti-Social Model, which suggests that in designing technology, the focus should not be on the ‘disability’ as with both the social and medical models but on the individual i.e. ‘the people’s concerns, the way they live their life, their activities, routines,
who they are and what they want from the final design are all important to effective design.’ To me, this is not disimilar to the Universal model i.e. you take all aspects of a person’s disability and enviroment into account.

Other models referred to were a ‘needs’ model, which was linked to the making education inclusive and a ‘religious model’, which seemed to be the same as the ‘moral’ model.

It seems to be that the number of models which have emerged are simply a response to the unsatisfactory nature of some elements of either the medical model, the social model or both.


Affirmative Model

Anti-Social Model

Needs Model ·

Religious Model


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